The angustifolia is one of several species of lavender that naturally inhabit the Mediterranean region. The cultures that have lived have always valued its aromatic and medicinal properties: the ancient Romans already poured it in their baths to perfume water. However, lavandula comes from the Latin lavare, to wash.
The taste for the use of lavender continues in al-Andalus. Apparently it was then called al-juzama, whence the Castilian term alhucema, generic name by which the Andalusian knew several species of lavender. Mentioned by Ibn al-'Awwam in his Book of Agriculture, must have appeared in the landscape of the Aljarafe of 1200, where he performed this agricultural experimental crops and wrote on gardeners and agricultural uses of lavender and many other plants.
It was also used in cuisine in al-Andalus to flavor roasts, as an element of composition for sauces together with other spice and to flavor sweets and teas. Also still used in gardening as hedges.